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KIT makes ‘gasoline’ for the first time

By Gerald Ondrey |

Last month, the synthesis stage of the bioliq (biomass to liquid Karlsruhe) pilot plant produced gasoline for the first time at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT; Germany; www.kit.edu). The achievement is a milestone in that all stages of the bioliq process, which is being developed in cooperation with Chemieanlagenbau Chemnitz GmbH (Chemnitz, Germany; www.cac-chem-com), have been realized, thus demonstrating the potential for making liquid fuels from residual biomass. By mid-2014, all four stages of the process — flash pyrolysis, high-pressure entrained-flow gasification, syngas conditioning and synthesis — will be linked together to make high-quality fuel from straw. The complete bioliq process (flowsheet) consists of four stages. First, dry residual biomass, which originates in a widely distributed manner and possesses a low energy content, undergoes a decentralized conversion by flash pyrolysis into so-called bioliqSynCrude — a substance of high energy density (13–15 times higher than that of straw) similar to crude oil — which can be economically transported over long distances to a centralized processing plant. There, a high-pressure, entrained-flow gasifier converts the bioliqSynCrude…
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