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Separation Processes

PFAS separation-concentration system introduced in North America

A technology initially developed in Australia by OPEC Systems (Emu Plains, NSW, Australia; www.opecsystems.com) for separating and concentrating per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in a range of water applications has now been introduced in North America. The technology, known as…

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Should the Doctor Believe a Flowmeter?

Henry Kister shares lessons learned from troubleshooting distillation towers Many cooling-water systems do not have flowmeters. This is a tale about a cooling-water flowmeter that made a difference. As a startup superintendent at ICI Australia in the late 1970s, the…

Selective separation of individual rare-earth elements using DGA-based ligands

Utilizing rare-earth elements (REEs), such as for permanent magnets in renewable energy applications, requires costly chemical separations that generate large volumes of waste. A process featuring new diglycolamide (DGA)-based ligands and liquid-liquid extraction exhibits more effective separation of individual REEs,…

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Gas Trapping Can Unsettle Distillation Columns

Operational troubleshooting guidance is provided for several scenarios involving trapped non-condensable gases in distillation towers Non-condensable gases are often present in distillation towers, either expectedly or unexpectedly. When they do appear, or when the quantity of non-condensable gases varies from…

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Mixed-salt processes target lower-cost CO2 capture

A mixed-salt process (MSP) designed to reduce the costs and increase the energy efficiency of removing carbon dioxide from post-combustion fluegas is advancing in two related projects. In the first, a 10-MW engineering-scale demonstration plant for the MSP is under…

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A simpler way to recover purified graphite from spent batteries

A new recycling process claims to significantly reduce the complexity of recovering graphite from spent lithium-ion battery (LIB) materials by leaching out impurities rather than leaching out metal. By extracting impurities and recovering high-grade graphite, the Hydro-to-Anode technology, developed by…

thyssenkrupp wins an order for a pharma-grade SFE plant for solids extraction

thyssenkrupp’s Uhde High Pressure Technologies GmbH (Hagen, Germany). won an order from a company in the specialty chemicals sector to fabricate and supply a pharma-grade supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) plant. The scope of supply includes the skid-mounted plant, as well…

CPI Booklist for March 2022

March 2022: The following is a list of recently published books that may be of interest to professionals in the chemical process industries (CPI) Overpressure Protection in the Process Industry: A Critical View. By Marc Hellemans, Elsevier Press, 2022, 396…

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Ultra-rapid production of battery materials using plasma technology

A new ultra-rapid plasma-based process could significantly expand the availability of premium materials for battery applications. Developed by 6K, Inc. (North Andover, Mass.; www.6kinc.com), UniMelt is a single-pass, continuous process that employs a proprietary microwave torch technology to create a…

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Crystallization for Ultra-Pure Chemicals

Optimized crystallization units can help address the challenges posed by product-purity requirements in the battery industry Crystallization is a key purification process that has been used for decades to refine sugar, produce essential pharmaceuticals and recover valuable salts. Producers of…